Rights & User Restrictions
Rights & Restrictions: This object is either not yet digitized or not digitally available. To learn how to gain access, please contact the Sterling Morton Library at library@mortonarb.org or (630) 719-2429. 
Copyright statement:

Copyright restrictions applying to use or reproduction of this image are available from the Sterling Morton Library, The Morton Arboretum. For more information, please visit our ABOUT section or complete and submit this form.

Bowles, Marlin L.
Jones, Mike

The Prairie-Wetland Vegetation Continuum in the Chicago Region of Northeastern Illinois as part of the "Proceedings of the 19th North American Prairie Conference"


Identifier
3.55274
Digitization Status
Born digital
Dimensions
(Item)
Type
Article
Date created
2007
Description
A digital chapter of The Prairie-Wetland Vegetation Continuum in the Chicago Region of Northeastern Illinois as part of the "Proceedings of the 19th North American Prairie Conference"
Abstract
We conducted a floristic ordination and gradient analysis of plant communities extending from prairie through graminoid-dominated wetlands in the Chicago region of northeastern Illinois. Data represented about 450 species from 103 stands sampled across a gradient of six soil moisture classes ranging from dry to hydric, and included sand, gravel, dolomite, and loam prairies as well as fen, sedge meadow, floating mat, marsh, and bog. As found in other Midwestern grassland studies, vegetation aligned most strongly along a soil moisture gradient with individualistic species distributions forming a hierarchical continuum, and lower species richness at the dry and wet extremes of the moisture gradient. Most species were infrequent, with about 70 percent occurring at less than 20-percent frequency and present in less than five communities. Species that were more frequent within communities were also more widespread among communities, fitting the niche-based model of species distribution. Moreover, less than 20 percent of all species sampled were significant indicators of soil moisture gradient classes, with most representing mesic and hydric habitats. Dominant prairie grasses extended from dry to wet habitats, merging with wetland species in graminoid fen, calcareous seep and sedge meadow habitats. Hydric habitat, represented by calcareous floating mat, marsh and bog, had fewer dominant prairie species and was dominated by a wetland flora. These results provide compositional and structural models for managing and restoring vegetation across the prairie-wetland vegetation gradient of the Chicago region.
ISSN
1543-4060
Volume, Issue, Page Number
25, 1, 29-42
Subject - keywords and LC headings
Prairies
Restoration ecology
Wetlands
Related Entities
Ecological Restoration (published by)
Language
English